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Integrated Watershed Management
-Ecohydrology & Phytotechnology-
- Manual -

The Present Manual follows on the Guidelines already published in 2002 by the same agencies, in which the general philosophy of ecohydrology and phytotechnology was put together for the first time, providing the reader an understanding of the concepts and their application to the integrated management of the watershed. The Manual does not present the reader any detailed theoretical considerations but rather complements the Guidelines and focuses on the methodology and practical aspects of implementing ecohydrologycal and phytotechnological concepts in watershed management.

There is a CD-ROM version of the same manual.


----- Table of Contents -----

Acknowledgements & Preface ( 80KB)

1. About this Manual ( 434KB)
1.A. What is the goal of this manual?
1.B. Why is this manual needed?
1.C. What is covered by this manual?
1.D. Who should use this manual?
2. What are Ecohydrology & Phytotechnology? ( 693KB)
2.A. What is ecohydrology?
2.B. What is phytotechnology?
2.C. Application of ecohydrology and phytotechnology for water resources management and sustainable development. UNESCO/UNEP Demonstration Project
3. Basic Concepts & Definitions ( 863KB)
3.A. Watershed
3.B. Climate
3.C. Hydrological cycle
3.D. Biogeochemical cycles
3.E. Landscape structure and vegetation cover
3.F. Streams and rivers
3.G. Lakes and reservoirs
3.H. Freshwater Biota
3.I. Estuarine and coastal areas
PART TWO: SURVEYS & ASSESSMENT: How to Assess & Quantify Specific Issues in Watersheds
4. LANDSCAPES: Defining Critical Areas in Watersheds ( 1.36MB)
4.A. How urbanization and industries influence water quality
4.B. How to assess landscape impacts on water quality
4.C. How to assess soil contamination
5. LAND-WATER INTERACTIONS: How to Assess their Effectiveness ( 1.41MB)
5.A. Can ground water influence surface water quality
5.B. How to assess the efficiency of ecotones in nutrient removal
5.C. How to estimate effects of riparian areas and floodplains on water quality and quantity
6. STREAMS & RIVERS: Defining their Quality & Absorbing Capacity ( 2.33MB)
6.A. Bioassays – A tool to measure ecosystem quality
6.B. Fish communities – indicators of riverine degradation
6.C. Bacteria, fungi and microbial processes
7. LAKES & RESERVOIRS: Defining their Ecosystem Status ( 2.07MB))
7.A. What happens to phosphorus in a water body: Sedimentation
7.B. What happens to nitrogen in a water body: Denitrification


How to assess phytoplankton biomass?
7.D. Why are cyanobacterial blooms harmful
7.E. Assessment of zooplankton communities
7.F. Assessment of fish communities
8. ESTUARINE & COASTAL AREAS: How & What to Measure ( 1.26MB)
8.A. Water Chemistry
8.B. Water Circulation
8.C. Structure of Biota
PART THREE: MANAGEMENT: How to Prevent Degradation & Restore Watersheds
9. LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT: Regulating Pollution Exports & Hydrological Cycles ( 1.15MB)
9.A. Phytoremediation of soils
9.B. How to manage water cycles in watersheds
9.C. Control of diffuse pollutant inputs to water bodies
10. LAND-WATER INTERACTIONS: Reduction of Contamination Transport ( 1.13MB)
10.A. Constructed wetlands: How to combine sewage treatment with phytotechnology
10.B. Ecotones: How to diminish nutrient transport from landscapes
10.C. Floodplains and natural wetlands: Reduction of nutrient transport
11. MANAGEMENT OF STREAMS & RIVERS: How to Enhance Absorbing Capacity against Human Impacts ( 2.18MB)
11.A. Restoration of physical structure in a river
11.B. Restoration of vegetation: Increasing nutrient retention capacity and self-purification ability
11.C. Management of shoreline and riverbed structure: Increasing fish yields
11.D. Ecohydrological approach in pond aquaculture
12. RESERVOIR & LAKE MANAGEMENT: Improvement of Water Quality ( 619KB)

Ecohydrological methods of algal bloom control

12.B. How to manage biotic structure in a reservoir
12.C. Harvesting macrophytes and macroalgae
12.D. Other methods of water quality improvement
13. ESTUARINE & COASTAL AREAS: How to prevent degradation and restore ( 621KB)
14.A. Socio-economic aspects of ecohydrology & phytotechnology applications in integrated watershed management (IWM)
14.B. Can global climate change affect management outcomes?


Glossary of Terms
Contributing Authors


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