Newsletter and Technical Publications
Freshwater Management Series No. 10
Managing Urban Sewage
An Introductory Guide for Decision-makers
This document is part of the IETC series of Introductory Guides for Decision-makers. These
guides are intended to assist decision-makers at the local level in understanding the issues
and making informed decisions for the benefit of all citizens and stakeholders. It should be
noted that this document does not address a number of critical issues that ultimately influence
decisions related to urban sewage treatment, including:
- Options for citizens to reduce waste and minimize discharges to the sewage system;
- Potential application of smaller scale, decentralized treatment facilities and
- Land application of biosolids;
- Specific construction methods, such as those used for the installation and maintenance
of underground sewage pipelines.
It is also important to note that the effectiveness of the overall system is based upon a sound
regulatory framework, coupled with ongoing testing and evaluation.