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About UNEP
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United Nations Environment Programme
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics
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Disaster Management – Activities

Forestry Waste Management

Use of Environmentally Sound Technologies (ESTs) in Forestry Waste Management for Disaster Prevention in Indonesia

The extensive rate of deforestation in Indonesia during the 1960s to the 1990s as a result of excess processing capacity by the industrial timber industry and an over commitment to forest based production has resulted in severe effect on deforestation and ecosystems services. As a consequence, this has also increased the risk of exasperating the impact of hydrological disasters such as flooding, rains and storms, typhoons, etc. At the macro level, there has been a lack of baseline monitoring of the extent of deforestation. At the micro level, indiscriminate logging practices with no regards to waste arising out of logging has resulted in accentuating the impacts of disasters such as flooding.

Recent policy recommendations made by a number of local and international organizations call for appropriate and sustainable solutions to overcome shortcomings in controlling deforestation and its consequent impact on disaster prevention. Of particular importance was reducing the probability of disasters happening as a result of improper management of forests and its timber and non-timber wastes.

The challenge that is presented by this scenario is the maintenance of longer-term sustainability with respect to forest management practices in Indonesia. This challenge can effectively be met by the use of appropriate environmentally sound techniques and technologies in forest management, particularly in the use of timber and non-timber wastes for economic activities. A prudent policy mixture for forest products and services, non-timber products, and environmental services (such as eco-tourism) will be necessary for effectively and simultaneously meeting the needs of forest communities and local governments.

This project is being implemented in the Banyumas district of the Java island of Indonesia. IETC’s activities focused on building capacities for forestry and local government officials, as well as introducing forestry waste management technologies, particularly for job creation and income generation of the surrounding communities.