Newsletter and Technical Publications
of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augumentation
America and The Caribbean>
PART A. INTRODUCTION
3. ORGANIZATION OF THE SOURCE BOOK
The Source Book has four sections. Part A presents the background to the
project, its objectives, and the methodology used to prepare it, and also
summarizes the results of the Workshops held in Barbados and Peru. Part B,
Chapters 1 through 4, deals specifically with the alternative technologies
identified in the two Workshops. These include technologies for freshwater
augmentation, water quality improvement, wastewater treatment and water
reuse, and water conservation. Because the specific technologies
summarized in each of these groupings are frequently used in more than one
application, the sectoral applications of each of the technologies are
shown in tabular form in Part A below. Part C, Chapter 5, presents case
studies of selected technologies which have been successfully utilized in
the region. Part D presents various supplemental materials, including a
list of participants at the Workshops and conversion factors, that may be
useful to the reader.
For each of the technologies in Part B, a profile is presented. Each
profile consists of the following elements:
Technical Description, describing the technology and indicating
design considerations and labor and material requirements needed for its
Extent of Use, characterizing the extent to which the technology
is applied in the region and giving examples of the types of areas in
which it is used.
Operation and Maintenance, describing the skills required for
the operation and maintenance of the technology.
Level of Involvement, describing the level of involvement by
government, private-sector organizations, community organizations, and
households needed to implement and maintain the technology.
Costs, indicating, where possible, the range of representative
capital and annual operating and maintenance costs in absolute terms
(expressed in United States dollars of 1995 as unit costs of output; e.g.,
$ per m3; of water).
Effectiveness, describing the ability of the technology to
accomplish the objective(s) of the application, using quantitative
measures if possible.
Suitability, describing the geographic areas where the
technology is suitable for application.
Advantages, listing the technical and social advantages of the
Disadvantages, listing the social and technical disadvantages
impeding the use of the technology and, in particular, noting any
environmental impacts associated with the implementation of the
Cultural Acceptability, describing any cultural factors
inhibiting or limiting the application of the technology.
Further Development of the Technology, describing any additional
development needed for this technology to be applied in other areas
Information Sources, listing the information sources used to
prepare the profile, including the name, title, organizational
affiliation, address, telephone/fax number(s), and E-mail address of the
experts, managers, and consultants who can provide information, and a
Part C presents selected case studies. The purpose of the case studies
is to highlight technologies that have been successfully adopted. The case
study also provides insight into the cultural, social, and economic
factors that facilitated the implementation of the technology.
Finally, Part D contains an acknowledgment of the national and
international agencies and organizations that contributed to the
preparation of this Source Book, the list of participants in the two
Workshops and their contributions, and a table of conversion factors
between metric and English units.