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Newsletter and Technical Publications

<Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augumentation
in Small Island Developing States>


PART A - INTRODUCTION

2. Purpose of the Source Book

The purpose of this Source Book is to provide general information on the augmentation of freshwater resources to managers and planners within the water supply and environment sectors of Small Island Developing States. It is designed to assist them in making informed choices of the most appropriate technologies for maximising available water resources on small islands. These technologies should also apply to small islands belonging to larger countries.

The South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) was commissioned by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) to undertake a study of freshwater augmentation technologies for the small islands of the Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea, Indian Ocean and the Caribbean.

For the purpose of developing this Source Book, SOPAC recruited consultants from the various regions covered in the study to assist with data collection and compilation. A Workshop on Technologies for Maximising and Augmenting Freshwater Resources in Small Islands (South Pacific, Indian Ocean and South China Sea Regions) was held in Suva, Fiji, during 6-8 February 1996, and was attended by experts on Small Island Developing States (SIDS). Information gained from a similar Workshop on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in the Caribbean, held in Barbados during 24-27 October 1995, was also used in the preparation of this book. A literature search was conducted using the services of the IRC (International Water and Sanitation Centre) in The Netherlands.

The General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS) undertook a "Project on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in Latin America and the Caribbean", and their findings on small island states have also been included in this source book.

This book is not meant to be a design manual for the physical structures and mechanisms that are part of these technologies, but rather this book is intended to guide you to literature sources that give the information at a specialised level. As a guide to literature, the Source Book provides a list of information sources at the end of each discussion of an "alternative technology".

The results of this and other studies from other regions are intended to be consolidated into a global source book on technologies for freshwater augmentation used in developing countries and countries with economies in transition which will be disseminated to water resources managers and planners in throughout the world.

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