Newsletter and Technical Publications
<Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for
in Small Island Developing States>
PART A - INTRODUCTION
2. Purpose of the Source Book
The purpose of this Source Book is to provide general information on the
augmentation of freshwater resources to managers and planners within the
water supply and environment sectors of Small Island Developing States. It
is designed to assist them in making informed choices of the most
appropriate technologies for maximising available water resources on small
islands. These technologies should also apply to small islands belonging
to larger countries.
The South Pacific Applied Geoscience Commission (SOPAC) was commissioned
by the United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP) to undertake a study
of freshwater augmentation technologies for the small islands of the
Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea, Indian Ocean and the Caribbean.
For the purpose of developing this Source Book, SOPAC recruited
consultants from the various regions covered in the study to assist with
data collection and compilation. A Workshop on Technologies for Maximising
and Augmenting Freshwater Resources in Small Islands (South Pacific,
Indian Ocean and South China Sea Regions) was held in Suva, Fiji, during
6-8 February 1996, and was attended by experts on Small Island Developing
States (SIDS). Information gained from a similar Workshop on Alternative
Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation in the Caribbean, held in
Barbados during 24-27 October 1995, was also used in the preparation of
this book. A literature search was conducted using the services of the IRC
(International Water and Sanitation Centre) in The Netherlands.
The General Secretariat of the Organization of American States (OAS)
undertook a "Project on Alternative Technologies for Freshwater
Augmentation in Latin America and the Caribbean", and their findings
on small island states have also been included in this source book.
This book is not meant to be a design manual for the physical structures
and mechanisms that are part of these technologies, but rather this book
is intended to guide you to literature sources that give the information
at a specialised level. As a guide to literature, the Source Book provides
a list of information sources at the end of each discussion of an "alternative
The results of this and other studies from other regions are intended to
be consolidated into a global source book on technologies for freshwater
augmentation used in developing countries and countries with economies in
transition which will be disseminated to water resources managers and
planners in throughout the world.