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<Sourcebook of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augumentation in Africa>

3. MINING AND INDUSTRY

Water is one of the key elements in mining and industrial operations. Mines tend to be self sufficient in the development, management and use of their water requirements, while industries normally rely on municipal water supply. For environmental and economic reasons, industries and mines increasingly are adopting water recycling techniques as a means of reducing their consumption of water. This both reduces costs of production and enhances the environmental benefit that accrues to the community. However, in so doing, technologies are required to improve and restore the quality of recycled waters. However, the technologies in these sectors can vary considerably both in complexity and extent, depending on the type and sophistication of the industry or mine. While all of the technologies described in this chapter may be considered for use by the mining and industrial sectors, some may be similar to ones described above for the agricultural and domestic water supply purposes.

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