Newsletter and Technical Publications
<International Source Book On Environmentally Sound Technologies
for Wastewater and Stormwater Management>
9.6 Policy and institutional framework (Topic f)
In the Caribbean Region, the
construction/installation of water supply, sewerage facilities and stormwater
facilities must be approved by each particular government, as with housing
estates, commercial, industrial and agricultural facilities and other
infrastructure. The local governments
monitor a number of functions in their respective areas and boundaries.
This can include the appointment of the
number of working personnel, also the monitoring of the quality of facilities
and the drafting of actions which must be undertaken by the government.
As outlined in the CEP Technical Report No. 33, most of the countries of the WCR
have adopted legal instruments to control the various aspects of domestic and
industrial wastewater disposal into the coastal marine environment.
Of the 25 countries that undertook the Land
Based Sources of Pollution (LBSP) inventory, only nine countries provided
relevant documents on legislation on land-based sources of marine
pollution. Document UNEP(OCA)/CAR
WG.13/INF.12 is a compilation of information on national legislation related to
land-based source of marine pollution from the countries of the WCR countries.
The degree to which these legal
instruments are applied varies from country to country, and in many cases, the
legislation is not enforced. The
enforcement of the regulations of these legislation is also hampered by the
lack of the necessary infrastructure.
Moreover, these regulations tend to be dispersed in general
environmental legislation such as fisheries, navigation, etc.
There is little doubt that the enforcement
of the above regulations may at times conflict with other local interests such
as the rapid development and diversification of new industries and resort
complexes, particularly in those countries with economies in transition.
Consequently, it is very clear that for
many countries of the WCR to meet the obligations of the LBSP Protocol in the
future, it will be necessary to seriously consider appropriate strategies to
cope with increasing pollution loads affecting their coastal areas.
These strategies will depend mainly on economic factors but also on the political
commitment of the different countries of the region to protect the coastal environment"