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<International Source Book On Environmentally Sound Technologies
for Wastewater and Stormwater Management>

9.5 Disposal (Topic e)

According to Francine Clouden, at the Caribbean Environmental Health Institute, " Ehe most widely used system of sewage disposal, especially in the urban and peri-urban areas, is the septic tank and soakaway, and in the coral islands like Barbados, the suck well, which is a deep pit to facilitate percolation. In areas where soil conditions do not permit proper infiltration, effluent is generally disposed of in street drains. Many rural communities, especially those without access to piped water supplies, depend upon pit latrines, and the provision of public facilities for wastewater treatment or excreta disposal"(Clouden 1999).

CEP Technical Report No. 33 indicates the following waste disposal practices as an indication for the Caribbean Region: "Re-use of effluent 31 plants (21%); sub-surface discharge, 20 plants (14%); marine disposal, mainly on the shoreline, 42 plants (28%); lagoons and streams, 32 plants (22%); and on site disposal, 21 plants (14%). The above information clearly shows that the disposal practices of discharging mostly untreated wastewater are likely to adversely affect the quality of coastal waters" (CEP 1994, pg6).

 

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