Newsletter and Technical Publications
<International Source Book On Environmentally Sound Technologies
for Wastewater and Stormwater Management>
8.9 Financing (Topic i)
Paying for the collection,
treatment and disposal of wastewater is generally expensive in the Region.
None of the utilities in the Region even
recover their costs in providing a wastewater disposal service. Hence this is a
major problem in providing a service that protects public health and is
friendly to the environment.
Most utilities in the
Region, charge for wastewater services on the basis of the amount of freshwater
supplied to each connection. A few
utilities do not specifically charge for wastewater services.
In all Regional utilities the wastewater
services are subsidised by either or their water and electricity charges.
Nowhere in the Region does wastewater
charges cover the costs of providing the service.
In Fiji and Kosrae (FSM),
and maybe other SIDS, respective governments subsidise wastewater
disposal. The Nauru Phosphate Company
pays for wastewater disposal costs in Nauru.
At least six
Pacific SIDS do not have any sanitation services provided, thus there are no
charges. Individual households and
businesses are responsible for providing and maintaining their own disposal
systems in these countries.
In most countries
where wastewater systems exist, governments initially were responsible for
providing the infrastructure and then turned them over to boards, authorities
or companies to run. Generally
governments still maintain some control or interest in the utilities especially
Finance for major
projects and master plans are still normally channelled through governments to
either guarantee loans and/or negotiate bilateral funding.
The Asian Development Bank has prepared many
Technical Assistance wastewater studies in the Region and has loaned money to