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2.6.3 Policy framework

Each country in the region has developed an economic development plan in which the goals and policies expressed the government willingness and determination to enhance the standard of living. Provision of infrastructure services, connection to the sewerage systems and installations of treatment facilities are transparent policies that will be resonated in future planning. A major issue that emerges from these policies is the role that the private sector can play in the provision of wastewater services, in terms of collection, treatment and reuse. On the other hand, the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) of each individual country considers environmental issues as the heart of wastewater master planning. Moreover, rehabilitation and expansion of the existing facilities are considered priorities in the NEAP.

The following items are given the due consideration in future planning:

  • The deterioration of surface water quality and the potential health impacts on its users.
  • The need to conserve and protect groundwater resources.
  • The need to conduct environmental impact assessment for future wastewater planning.
  • Sustainable development in the region and protecting the natural resources.

Many countries in the region consider treated wastewater as an important water source. Unconventional water resources are incorporated into their water policies. In Jordan, for example, treated wastewater will become a major water resource for irrigation representing 40% of agriculture water share by the year 2020.

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