Newsletter and Technical Publications
<International Source Book On Environmentally Sound Technologies
for Wastewater and Stormwater Management>
2.6.3 Policy framework
Each country in the region has developed an economic development plan in
which the goals and policies expressed the government willingness and
determination to enhance the standard of living. Provision of infrastructure
services, connection to the sewerage systems and installations of treatment
facilities are transparent policies that will be resonated in future planning. A
major issue that emerges from these policies is the role that the private sector
can play in the provision of wastewater services, in terms of collection,
treatment and reuse. On the other hand, the National Environmental Action Plan
(NEAP) of each individual country considers environmental issues as the heart of
wastewater master planning. Moreover, rehabilitation and expansion of the
existing facilities are considered priorities in the NEAP.
The following items are given the due consideration in future planning:
- The deterioration of surface water quality and the potential health
impacts on its users.
- The need to conserve and protect groundwater resources.
- The need to conduct environmental impact assessment for future wastewater
- Sustainable development in the region and protecting the natural
Many countries in the region consider treated wastewater as an important water
source. Unconventional water resources are incorporated into their water policies.
In Jordan, for example, treated wastewater will become a major water resource
for irrigation representing 40% of agriculture water share by the year 2020.