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<International Source Book On Environmentally Sound Technologies
for Wastewater and Stormwater Management>

1.7 Training (Topic g)

The overall manpower shortage of 27% in the water sector represents a shortage of 52% on the professional and technical post categories in Uganda, hence the call to catalyse individual and institutional capacity building (Table 1.17). There is shortage of qualified manpower, particularly in the professional and technician levels. It is very acute at local levels. In order to alleviate this problem, many persons have received training at professional, technical and artisan levels under government and donor-funded projects with training components.

In Angola, the Luanda provincial Water Company in 1992 had a total of 800 workers: 1.3% with higher education, 3.4% with average education and 95.3% with basic education (of which 66% were illiterate). The situation is more distressing in the other provincial companies which have only 2 highly educated technicians and 30 technicians with average education.

Ethiopia recognises the need for institutional capacity building to develop training programmes for urban and environmental sanitation (UES), and is advocating it, with the aid of donor agencies to supplement domestic resources (Table 1.17).

Some of the countries are trying to take advantages of available international, regional and national training courses of varying durations. Many of the countries of this region need to make concerted effort to alleviate this problem, by encouraging more persons to receive training at professional, technical and artisan levels under government and donor-funded projects with training components. Similarly as progress is made to involve the private sector in wastewater and stormwater management, engagement of the private sector should be used to provide for technology transfer and capacity building.

Another increasingly popular approach to training and manpower development is to adopt a regional approach by pooling resources together for training technical and managerial personnel in regional institutions. Such institutions receive the support of donors more easily than individual countries. Examples include a number of courses mounted by UNESCO and other international agencies, e.g. the professional postgraduate Diploma in Hydrology, University of Nairobi, Kenya. In other cases some water sector agencies collaborate with national tertiary institutions to offer relevant training programmes at middle level and/or professional level, e.g. in Nigeria (National Water Resources Institute, Kaduna) and Zimbabwe (Training Centre for Sanitation, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Zimbabwe.


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