Series No. 7
Approach in Environmental Management
- An Ecosystem's Perspective >
D. UNEP’S Interest in Phytotechnology
The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) recognizes the importance
of streamlining the integration of environmental and development strategies
to make them more coherent in achieving sustainable development objectives.
A central role for UNEP is to encourage decision makers in government, industry
and business to develop and adopt policies, strategies and practices that
are cleaner and safer, use natural resources more efficiently, and reduce
pollution risks to human beings and the environment. Within UNEP, the Division
of Technology, Industry and Economics (DTIE) is responsible for promoting
the adoption and transfer of environmentally sound technologies and management
In support of this, and as part of UNEP/DTIE, the International
Environmental Technology Centre (IETC) focuses on issues related to urban
environmental problems and the management of freshwater basins. IETC pursues
a results-oriented mandate which involves:
||Improving access to information on environmentally sound
||Fostering technology cooperation, partnerships, adoption
and use of ESTs, and
IETC’s principal interest in promoting the concept of phytotechnology relates to water, urban environmental management issues and climate change.
Linked to this is the integrated approach of the Centre in supporting the principles
and concepts of biodiversity and sustainable development.
The sections which follow present some of the global issues which depend
on integrated solutions and various approaches that can be used in incorporating
phytotechnologies as part of these solutions. The environmental benefits of
phytotechnologies in the management of ecosystem resources is also discussed,
as well as the prevention, control and remediation of pollution and environmental
degradation through the application of ecosystems approaches.