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About UNEP
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United Nations Environment Programme
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Newsletter and Technical Publications
Freshwater Management Series No. 5

Guidelines for the Integrated Management of the Watershed
- Phytotechnology and Ecohydrology -


Salt, D. E., Blalock, M. M., Kumar, P., Dushenkov, V., Ensley, B. D. & Raskin, I. 1995. Phytoremediation: a novel strategy for the removal of toxic metals from the environment using plants, Biotechnology 13: 468-474.

Santiago V. F. (in press). Phytotechnologies: A comprehensive approach to watershed management.

Saraiva, J. M. B. & Silva Dias P. L. 1997. A case study of intense cyclogenesis off the southern coast of Brazil: Impact of SST, Stratiform and deep convection. 5th AMS Conference on Southern Hemisphere Meteorology and Oceanography, Pretoria, South Africa,7-11 April 1997, Pre-prints, 368-369.

Sarnelle, O. 1996. Predicting the outcome of trophic manipulation in lakes - a comment on Harris (1994). Freshwater Biology 35: 339-342.

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Schlosser, I. J. 1987. A conceptual framework for fish communities in small warmwater streams. p: 17-26 In: W.J. Matthews & D.C. Heins (Eds), Community and evolutionary Ecology of North American Stream Fishes, Oklahoma, Oklahoma University Press, Norman.

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Seitzinger, S. P. 1987. Nitrogen biochemistry in an unpolluted estuary: the importance of benthic denitrification. Marine Ecology Progress Series 37: 65-73.

Seitzinger, S. P., Nielsen, L. P., Cafrey, J. & Christensen, P. B. 1993. Denitrification measurements in aquatic sediments: A comparison of three mathods. Biogeochemistry 23: 147-167.

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Shiklomanov, I. A. 1998. Global renewable water resources. p. 3-13, In: H. Zebidi Ed. Water: a looming crisis? UNESCO IHP–V Technical Documents in Hydrology No. 18

Shugart, H. H., Leemans, R. & Bonan, G. B. (Eds) 1992. System Analysis of Global Boreal forests. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 565 pp.

Skaggs R. W., Chescheir G. M. & Gilliam J. W. 1990. Wetland Buffer Areas for Treatment of Pumped Agricultural Drainage Water, Rio de Janerio.

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Statzner, B., Bis, B., Doledec, S. & Usseglio-Polatera, P. 2001. Perspectives for biomonitoring at large spatial scales: a unified measure for the functional diversity of invertebrate communities in European running waters. Basic and Applied Ecology 2: 73-85.

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Tarczynska, M., Izydorczyk, K. & Zalewski, M. 2001. Optimization of monitoring strategy for eutrophic reservoirs with toxic cyanobacterial blooms. Proceedings of 9th International Conference on the Conservation and Management of Lakes, Otsu, Japan. 3C/D–P83: 572-575.

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Tomaszek, J. A. 1991. Biochemical transformation of nitrogen compounds in the bottom sediments of the superficial waters. Rzeszow Technnical University Journal 13: 1-155.

Tomaszek, J. A. & Czerwieniec, E. 2000. In situ chamber denitrification measurements in reservoir sediments: an example from southeast Poland. Ecological Engineering 16: 61-71.

Tomlinson, G. W., Fisher, A. G., Clark, R. D. S. 1993. The Paddocks. Stormwater - a community resource. EWS Report No. 93/11. Hydrology Unit, Water Resources Branch, Engineering and Water Supply Department, South Australia.

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Townsend, C. R. & Hildrew, A. 1994. Species traits in relation to a habitat templet for river systems. Freshwater Biology 31: 265-275.

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U.S.EPA, 1999. Rapid Bioassessment Protocls for Use in Wadeable Streams and Rivers. Periphyton, Benthic Macroinvertebrates, and Fish. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Water, Washington, D.C/EPA-841–B-99-002.

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