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<Municipal Solid Waste Management>

Sound Practices

1.4.6 Conclusion

Composting of the organic portion of the waste is an MSWM practice with much more potential than has been realized to date. The means by which it can be carried out in an environmentally sound fashion, as discussed throughout this section of Sound Practices, depend on many factors that vary from one part of the world to another.

Industrialized countries can move even further toward source separation as the basis for ensuring a useful compost product. Although this is not likely to occur in most developing countries, the high organic content of the waste in such countries means that mixed waste inputs, in conjunction with manual separation of non-compostables, may allow for significantly more compost production than now occurs. This would reduce the amount of waste going to landfills and provide a useful soil conditioner. Market development will be crucial in promoting the use of compost beyond the bounds of the traditional practices already in place in some parts of the world.

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