Newsletter and Technical Publications
<Municipal Solid Waste Management>
Composting of the organic portion of the waste is an
MSWM practice with much more potential than has been realized to date. The means
by which it can be carried out in an environmentally sound fashion, as discussed
throughout this section of Sound Practices, depend on many factors that vary
from one part of the world to another.
Industrialized countries can move even further toward source separation as
the basis for ensuring a useful compost product. Although this is not likely to
occur in most developing countries, the high organic content of the waste in
such countries means that mixed waste inputs, in conjunction with manual
separation of non-compostables, may allow for significantly more compost
production than now occurs. This would reduce the amount of waste going to
landfills and provide a useful soil conditioner. Market development will be
crucial in promoting the use of compost beyond the bounds of the traditional
practices already in place in some parts of the world.