UNEP / FIDIC / ICLEI Urban Environmental Management: Environmental Management
Training Resources Kit
Majority of Environmental Management Systems (EMSs)
have been designed to ensure sustainable management and improvement of the environmental
performance of private organisations, especially business enterprises. The application
of EMSs, and in particular registration with the international EMS standard of
ISO, are becoming common business practices and a key component of a company's
performance, competitiveness and image strategy.
Recently, local authorities have also begun to
show interest in EMS and ISO 14001. The number of local authorities who have obtained
ISO certification or implemented EMSs is still very small compared to the private
sector. Nonetheless, the advantages of EMS as a systematic tool to achieve urban
sustainability, directly and indirectly is being recognised.
Local governments behave like enterprises, but
with a special character. They are, in fact, consumers and producers of goods
and services (electricity, food, water, infrastructures, etc.) and their activities
and policy choices have a significant impact on the local economy, the environment
and human health and people's quality of life.
Behind the growing interest of local authorities
for Urban Environmental Management (UEM) there are various factors:
Pressure from citizens: Local authorities
are facing increasing demands for better environmental quality from their citizens.
Cities (and their officials and representatives) are being held accountable for
their environmental performance, much like in the private sector.
International and national political pressure:
Local authorities are directly or indirectly in charge of the implementation of
national and international agreements and laws on sustainable development
Complexity of environmental challenges:
End-of pipe solutions in different sectors of a city's management are no longer
enough. Sustainable development requires the holistic integration of economic,
social and environmental considerations in all aspects of urban management
Rapid population and urban growth:
Urban growth has created an increasing demand for houses, offices, shops, factories,
roads and other services, leading to an improved urban quality of life.
EMS applied to local authorities provides a systematic
approach to develop policies, practices and procedures that are able to respond
to the social, economic and environmental challenges ahead.
The UNEP / FIDIC / ICLEI Urban Environmental
Management: Environmental Management Training Resource Kit offers local authorities
a systematic approach to integrate environmental considerations into all aspects
of their activities.
In order to accomplish their goals for implementing
an EMS (based on the International recognised EMS standard - ISO 14001), efficiently,
accurately and effectively, organisations need tools to assist them. In particular,
experts and city managers recognise and highlight a lack of education and training
tools specifically designed to enable local authorities assess the benefits, and
design and implement an EMS that meets their specific needs.
The Kit is the first of a range of tools and related
to support local authorities in understanding the
need for a systematic approach to environmental challenges,
to adapt the EMS framework to the specific needs
of a local administration and
to provide the knowledge and the practical tools
to implement an EMS at local level.
The Kit provides users with maximum flexibility
in implementing their EMS strategies, allowing them to localize the kit and meet
their specific organisational needs. The Kit is presented in a modular "train
the trainer" format, which, through an EMS, provides a series of tools to integrate
sustainable development (from day to day issues to international commitments such
as Local Agenda 21 and the Climate Change Convention) into the various aspects
and priorities of city management.
The EMS adopted by the Kit is based upon ISO 14001
requirements. For those who intend to register to this standard, the Kit will
also contain information on how to proceed.
The Kit is targeted at local stakeholders and change agents such
People who disseminate the concept/practice of
an EMS for local authorities
Trainers who implement the Kit by organising workshops
City managers who use it as a self-teaching tool
to implement an EMS in their municipality
The Kit contains:
Thematic modules (water, transportation, tourism
etc.) including fact sheets, case studies information material and exercises for
the implementation of an environmental management system in local authorities
A method for training, organising workshops (distribution)
and follow-up (feedback)
Tools for the dissemination of the concept of EMS
for local authorities.
City managers and city networks have been directly involved
in the Kit's design and drafting. The Kit was tested in pilot training sessions
organised in different regions in spring and summer of 2001. The document was
finalised in September 2001, and was formally launched during the Cities Asia
Summit on 13 September 2001 in Singapore. The kit is in English, and will gradually
be made available in French, Spanish, Chinese, Arabic and Russian.
To disseminate the Kit, UNEP and its partners will build on
and facilitate synergies and networking. It will therefore, activate its global
network of local and national authorities, professional associations and international
organisations involved in urban development and management.
For further information please contact:
familiarize yourself with issues related to urban environmental management systems,
take our free eCourse on Urban EMS!
This eCouse was designed as a precursor to the EMS Kit, and introduces the user
to the background and justification for EMSs.
EMS kit in Russian are available on our homepage.